Violin D string notes and fingering: Notes and tips

The main notes while playing violin on the D string are open D, E, F, G, and A. These are natural or diatonic notes which you can alter with sharps or flats depending on a key and accidentals.

Violin D string notes
Violin D string fingerings
  1. The first note on the D string is open D. Each following finger starting with the first finger( index finger) you place on the fingerboard will produce the next successive note. Remember that the number assigned to each finger is not the same as on the piano keyboard and it starts with the index finger as the first finger, middle as the second, etc.
  2.  When you see sharps or flats before any notes or in a key, you have to play them with the same finger by putting or sliding it higher or lower than the original diatonic note. Pay attention to the distance between half and whole steps. When playing half steps, place the fingers close to each other, with no space between them. 
  3.  Maintain the correct posture and angle of the left hand and fingers. Keep the fingers above the string, don’t hide them under the fingerboard. Keep the left hand free and relaxed. The wrist should stay straight and not be bent inward or outward, preventing your left hand from getting tense. If you feel tension in your left hand or fingers, it is time to stop playing and analyze what you can do to improve in your left hand. It can be the left-hand angle, posture problems, or the rotation of the wrist when playing with the fourth finger. 

When you have an ascending melodic line, keep preceding fingers on the fingerboard. Let’s say if you played E ( 1st finger), F (2nd finger), and are going to play G ( 3rd finger), keep E and F on the string.

Keep preceding fingers on the fingerboard

Violin D string notes finger placement. Play without tension and keep your hand free and relaxed

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How to keep the left hand free and relaxed. when playing on the D string. Physical aspects and suggestions for tension-free playing on the D string.

  • Place the fingers right over the string where you should be able to drop and lift them from its base joint. It’s incorrect to hide the fingers under the fingerboard. Don’t make it a habit. 
  • Don’t clunch the neck with the thumb and the first finger. The thumb should hover on the side of the neck freely. The violin’s neck can rest on the base joint of the first finger. 
  • Keep your fingers rounded and relaxed. Apply only a sufficient amount of pressure to push the string closer to the fingerboard so it slightly touches it.
  • The forearm should be almost vertical or brought a little bit inward depending on the violin placement and the tilt of the instrument. You want to place the fingers on the D string at the same angle as when you play on the G string or other strings. The left-hand elbow moves slightly inward for each successive lower string. On the other hand, the left-hand elbow will move slightly outward for each successive higher string.
  • When playing with the fourth finger consider moving its base knuckle closer to the neck to reduce stretching and unnecessary tension. Keep the wrist straight and rotate it clockwise so it stays parallel to the edge of the fingerboard. Exercises for the left hand such as Sevcik or Shradieck will help to strengthen your fingers.
  • Don’t force the left hand to physical strain. If you feel that it’s not flexible enough then warm it up a little bit. It is good to establish an everyday warm-up routine before playing the violin. If you feel tired, take a rest. Strain and tension can lead to micro-injuries which are not uncommon among musicians.